The Day of Atonement pictures the reconciliation to God of all those in the second resurrection through Jesus paying the death penalty for their sins. It also pictures God binding Satan in order that those in the second resurrection may live out their lives in peace – literally free from the influences of that being.
The Day of Atonement concerns the reconciliation to God of all those who will take part in the great day of judgement (to be detailed in the next article), after the second resurrection. The second resurrection is to take place at the end of the millennial reign of Christ (known as the Millennium). However, in order to comprehend clearly what is unfolding at this time, it is essential to return to God’s plan of salvation and overview that plan.
In God’s plan of salvation for mankind we are given a number of constants, the most crucial of these constants in terms of understanding the programme for salvation is that it will be done in two stages, which are depicted by the early and latter wheat harvests in the Middle East. God’s plan of salvation can be understood only from the context of these two seasons. Just as there are two grain harvests so too will there be two separate, but similar, harvests of humanity for ascension to the Kingdom of God.
In this series of articles on God’s Holy Days the first harvest season has been completed – culminating in the ascension of the first fruits in the first resurrection, which is depicted by the Feast of Pentecost. Now there is a new beginning for the second harvest season and the harvest process begins again for the remainder of humanity.
These two stages in God’s plan are further subdivided by the annual Holy Days; and just as the two actual harvest seasons are alike in many ways, while simultaneously containing differences, so too does there have to be a significant amount of clear repetition within the annual Holy Day design. As God commences the second stage of His plan of salvation, it is the Day of Atonement in which we first see this repetition.
The Table below shows, in summary, the meaning of the three phases of each of the two stages of the Plan of Salvation. The Feast of Acclamation (Trumpets), picturing marriage between Christ and the ascended Church, binds the two stages together (see previous article).
Distinct Components of the Day of Atonement
In the first resurrection, the day of reconciliation is symbolized by the Passover, but in the second resurrection it is symbolized by the Day of Atonement. There is no mistake with the repetition – its iteration is required because we are now looking at a totally different harvest season. Reconciliation to God involves the following:
Ø The death of Jesus, a totally innocent and pure individual, to pay the penalty for sin (being the "transgression of the law" – 1John 3:4); and
Ø Commitment to changing of one’s way of life to that which is approved by God.
The repetition seen in the following Table illustrates, in summary form, the clear similarities between Passover and the Day of Atonement.
In examining the meaning of the Day of Atonement we will address and clarify the essential elements connected with the Day, namely:
Ø First goat sacrificed for the sins of Israel, NOT specifically for the first born of Israel as was the case with Passover; and
Ø Necessity for afflicting the soul and banishing the second (live) goat.
Sacrificial Goat on the Day of Atonement
The principal purpose for sacrificing this goat is for a sin offering on behalf of all the children of Israel and we find the instruction pertaining to this sacrifice in Lev 16:15-16:
“…15 ‘Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering, which is for the people, bring its blood inside the veil, do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat and before the mercy seat. 16 So he shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, for all their sins; and so he shall do for the tabernacle of meeting which remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness…” [NKJV]
The sacrifice of the goat for a sin offering symbolizes the death of Jesus for the sins of the world. The penalty for sin is death (Rom 6:23) and it was for the purpose of paying the death penalty that Jesus came into the world, because no other sacrifice could pay such a large penalty (Acts 4:10-12) – only the death of the one who created all and was without sin:
“…God made him [Jesus] who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God…” [NIV]
The sacrifice is for the purpose of reconciliation – mankind to God – and through his death, on our behalf, Jesus made this reconciliation possible:
“…For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life…” [KJV]
There are many other Scriptures that refer directly to Jesus’ sacrifice as the one and only essential reconciliatory action – some of the more express ones you may care to study are, Matt 20:28, John 14:6, John 6:51 and 1Tim 2:5-6.
As there is only one sacrifice that can pay the penalty for sin, the death of Jesus, the sacrificial goat for Atonement represents the same personage as the Passover lamb. Because the Passover ceremony symbolizes precisely the same sacrifice, the additional explanations pertaining to the Passover also apply to the goat sacrifice on the Day of Atonement. (For greater detail regarding the Passover sacrifice please refer to previous articles relating to the Passover.)
Who was Christ and Why was His Sacrifice Sufficient for All?
To fully appreciate Christ and the significance of his sacrifice we need to have an understanding of the person of Christ himself. We can summarise some of the more significant verses revealing Christ as follows:
Ø Jesus was a member of the Godhead from eternity (John 1:1-3);
Ø Jesus was the “Word” who created all things (John 1:14);
Ø Jesus emptied himself of his great power and became flesh (Phil 2:5-7); and
Ø The purpose of Jesus becoming flesh was so he could die and be a sacrifice for all creation (1Tim 2:5-6 and Col 1:20).
From these verses the following is made known:
1. Firstly, he was “in the form of God,” meaning he WAS God, with all the power of a member of the Godhead.
2. Secondly, he regarded himself as an EQUAL of God the Father in that he was a member of the Godhead. Other beings had no claim to such equality. However, other Scriptures show that there is a hierarchy in the Godhead and within that structure Jesus is indeed subordinate to the Father. “…for my Father is greater than I…” (John 14:28) is an example.
When the Word (Christ) emptied himself, he voluntarily gave up his total power which was given back by the Father. This point we are shown in John 3:34 (referring to Christ), “…For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure…” (NKJV). Christ emptied himself completely and was given back his full and infinite power by the Father, only his “Glory” remained to be returned (John 17:5). The most significant point here is that Christ had the Holy Spirit without measure! What this means is that he had the infinite power of the Godhead within him while he was a human being! This being, who was Christ Jesus, had unlimited power, including the power of life and death and the power to command both Angels and demons – this was the being that allowed himself to be murdered on the cross.
There is one more detail essential for us to know about Christ. He was without sin; therefore he was an immortal human being. Regarding Christ’s human immortality, we know that the “…wages of sin is death…” (Rom 6:23) and since Christ committed no sin it was impossible for him to be killed or die naturally, unless he himself gave his life, which is precisely what happened.
Jesus agreed to be the perfect sacrifice for the sins of mankind and we are told in 2Cor 5:21 that the Father “made him to be sin for us.” The Father laid on Jesus all the sins of the world. Imagine the agony and anguish that was placed upon Jesus on that last fateful night in the Garden of Gethsemane. Here was one who knew of sin, but since he had never sinned, had never experienced the consequences of sin – all the feelings of treachery, guilt, utter despair, oppression and turmoil with which he now had to deal. The despair that was to overwhelm Judas for his betrayal and culminating in suicide, Jesus was also to bear. Jesus was not only to know the physical suffering of being human; he was to experience the full mental agony and total loss of peace (Isaiah 57:21) that accompanies sin and the sinner. Imagine this multiplied billions of times, for every sin committed and yet to be committed – that was what confronted the creator of the universe. This mental battle would have easily overwhelmed a normal human being – it put a tremendous strain and energy drain on his physical body and his anguished prayer at that time is recorded for us in Luke 22:44:
“…And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground…” [NIV]
This is the weight that was put on him and it was his physical immortality which was given up that we may be spared the death penalty.
In Luke 22:43 we are told that God sent an angel to strengthen him – the clear sense is that of physical strength being supplied, as Christ had no need of spiritual strength. This was not the first time angels ministered to Christ’s physical needs – after he successfully resisted Satan through all the wilderness trials we are told that afterwards (after 40 days and nights of fasting) he was hungry and angels came and ministered to his needs (Matt 4:11).
Why did Jesus not use his divinity to sustain his body? This is a valid question and needs answering. The answer lies in the detail of his mission while on Earth as a physical being – Jesus was made “after the likeness” of men (Phil 2:7) and through thorough examination was found to be in every physical sense, a man (Phil 2:8). He lived his life as a normal physical man, which meant he did not sustain his life in any way other than would a normal human being. On the surface this seems to be a little unnecessary, but part of his mission was also to become our high priest in heaven (Heb 4:15) who could be an advocate on our behalf (1John 2:1) with real life experience in all manner of trials including hunger and the need to rely on God for the necessaries of physical life.
The tenor of Phil 2:7&8, Heb 4:15 and 1John 2:1 points towards the trials of sin, which means there arises the issue of what physical needs have to do with sin. Under normal circumstances they have nothing to do with sin, but Jesus was not in normal circumstances either in the wilderness temptation or in the garden of Gethsemane prayer. These were both situations brought about by spiritual battles and had he sustained himself by his own divinity, then he would be showing himself to be SELF-reliant, rather than relying on the Father to provide his physical needs. Self reliance is part of the opposite of what Jesus was showing us through the foot washing ceremony. As servants of God we are told not to take thought for our own life, or what we shall eat or drink, because our Father in heaven knows our needs even before we ask and He will provide (Luk 12:23-32).
During both occurrences of severe trial (Gethsemane and the wilderness) Jesus gave us the very important example of total reliance on God to provide for our physical needs when it is impossible to legally provide for ourselves. Even during his trial in the wilderness Jesus’ retort to Satan was,
“…But he answered and said, 'It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God'…” [Matt 4:4 – KJV]
So, even though Jesus was an immortal human being, he still relied on the Father for all of his physical needs, which he knew the Father would supply.
Afflicting the Soul on the Day of Atonement
The command for afflicting the soul on the Day of Atonement is given in Lev 16:29:
“…‘This shall be a statute forever for you: In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether a native of your own country or a stranger who dwells among you.’…” [NKJV]
Upon viewing any of the verses concerning the Day of Atonement many readers jump to the conclusion that the word “afflict” means to fast and then become confused because the affliction is directed at the “soul” which, in modern times, has become incorrectly synonymous with spirit. To arrive at the intended meaning of the words used here we must remember that this Holy Day was first instituted under the Old Covenant between God and the physical nation of Israel. This covenant was directed at physical obedience by the people in exchange for physical blessings from God. Taking the words one at a time we have the following:
[afflict] Comes from the Hebrew ‘anah, which has been used variously to describe situations meaning to humble, become compliant, weaken or force to submit. While this looks like a description of fasting, had fasting been the actual intent then the specific Hebrew word for fast or fasting (tsowm) was available for use by God.
[soul] Comes from the Hebrew nephesh, which has been used variously to describe the body or the mind. This Hebrew word is also used in reference to the bodies of ordinary animals. Had the spirit or mind been the object of the reference, then God could have easily used the specific Hebrew word for mind or spirit which is ruwach.
Being mindful of the above word-for-word translations, it can be seen that Young has accurately rendered Lev 16:29:
“…'And it hath been to you for a statute age-during, in the seventh month, in the tenth of the month, ye humble yourselves, and do no work — the native, and the sojourner who is sojourning in your midst;’…” [YLT]
Over time, fasting became the traditional way of demonstrating afflicting the soul (humbling the self, becoming compliant with God's law) and the penalty for non-observance was to be cut off from Israel (Lev 23:29). However, there is no evidence that the O.T. legislates a regular fast for this or any other day (I.S.B.E., 1973 page 361). How fasting became the traditional manner of "afflicting the soul" on this Day is not known, but it is thought to be associated with the fact that the priests were not to eat of the sacrifices on this Day.
Also, the Biblical record is silent regarding what Jesus did on this Day except that he would have observed the command correctly, because he came to "fulfill the law" (Matt 7:15). Although the Bible is silent on Christ's particular example in this regard, the O.T. instruction is clear – we are to demonstrate our compliance with God's law and do no work on this Sabbath day. Christ himself condemns any deviation from literal instruction, as recorded in Mark 7:8,
"...For you ignore
God's specific laws and substitute your own traditions..."
It is a Sabbath because of the spiritual rest given by the binding of Satan. It symbolizes a time when mankind will have the perfect opportunity to be compliant with the laws of God. Regarding the command to "afflict your souls", Nelson correctly explains thus: "Examine yourselves, repent of wrong actions and attitudes, and seek God's forgiveness." The explanation, while amplified, is very accurate relating to the command to keep the Passover in 1Cor 11:28-30,
let a man examine himself,
and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup. 29 For he who eats and
drinks in an unworthy manner eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning
the Lord's body..."
Afflicting the Soul – The Deeper Meaning
The meaning for both Passover and Atonement is that seeking God's forgiveness AND living God's way are inseparable for the purpose of reconciliation. Hence, afflicting the soul always has to do with service to others. Foot-washing or fasting is merely symbolic of this service or way of life. However, while foot washing is applicable for the Passover, symbolizing how we are to serve others directly in this life, afflicting the soul on the Day of Atonement has a deeper meaning aimed at appealing to God to help those whom we cannot serve directly and it is for the purpose of God helping those people to break their bonds of wickedness.
In seeking the deeper meaning behind afflicting the soul on the Day of Atonement we find a significant part of the answer in the penalty for non-observance. In Lev 23:29 God issues the following warning:
“…'For any person who is not humbled in this self-same day hath even been cut off from his people;’…” [YLT]
Ancient Israel was the fore-type of spiritual Israel under the new covenant, so being cut off from ancient Israel represents being banished from spiritual Israel. Since the Kingdom of God will comprise only spiritual Israelites, the penalty is saying nothing less than, “You are banned from the Kingdom of God!”
At Christ’s last Passover he introduced a new method of observance – eating unleavened bread and drinking wine (jointly representing his sacrifice) and the foot washing ceremony. The penalty for not participating in the foot washing ceremony at Passover is identical to the penalty for not afflicting the soul on the Day of Atonement. Jesus clearly states this penalty in John 13:8:
“…Peter said to Him, ‘You shall never wash my feet!’ Jesus answered him, ‘If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me.’…” [NKJV]
After Jesus had finished washing the feet of the disciples he said that his was an example that they were to follow:
“…13 ‘You call Me Teacher and Lord, and you say well, for so I am. 14 If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet. 15 For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you.’…” [NKJV]
The message is clear: Christ came to serve us and in so doing performed the ultimate act of service by sacrificing his life. After he ascended to the Father, Christ made available the Holy Spirit to all called people in order that we may grow towards his perfect character. Christ makes it clear in Matt 25:40 that whatever good works (service to others) we do, it is as though we have done them to him. Accordingly, in doing these works we are symbolically washing the feet of others and allowing them to wash our feet by accepting their service. This work of service is actually allowing Christ to work through us, thus being a part of his work and wanting to share in his future in the Kingdom of God. It means to have a part with him – not to be cast out of spiritual Israel!
By viewing the penalties for non-observance of both humbling ourselves on the Day of Atonement and foot washing on Passover, we see that the two activities symbolize the same requirement in life. The way of life acceptable to God is helping others to be eased in time of social oppression of any form. It is being kind to others and sharing our company with them.
What this has to do with the Prophets and the Saints in terms of the second harvest is truly wonderful – as ascended beings from the first resurrection we will be assisting Christ directly and sharing in his work of bringing salvation to all that part of humanity which takes part in the second and great resurrection. So, not only does humbling ourselves on the Day of Atonement reinforce the meaning of the foot washing ceremony, it also provides us with an amazing vision of our future and the future of mankind.
Although there is no direct command to fast as the method of afflicting the soul on the Day of Atonement, there is good Biblical evidence that fasting is to be commended.
To see the significance of fasting at this time we must recall that the purpose of this day symbolizes the atonement and reconciliation to God of all those who rise in the second resurrection and that all those who take part in the second resurrection are considered children resulting from the marriage of Christ and those in the first resurrection. Also and most importantly, those who rise in the second resurrection will be those who have died experiencing Satan's way of life – a way of wickedness, oppression, selfishness and hurt toward others. Even though Satan and his demons will not be around to spread their negative influences, these people of the second resurrection will be in great need of spiritual help to break free of their past evil ways. In Isa 58:6 we are told three essential things about fasting, namely,
1) One of the most effective ways to help people break loose from evil ways is to afflict the soul by fasting;
2) The most effective fast is when it is done for the benefit of others (not the self) – it is for the purpose of calling on God to help others overcome their problems; and
3) God states that this type of fasting is of particular benefit for kin and as our future spiritual children there will be no closer kin than those in the second resurrection.
“…‘Is not this the kind of fasting I have chosen: to loose the chains of injustice and untie the cords of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every yoke? Is it not to share your food with the hungry and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter – when you see the naked, to clothe him, and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood?’…” [NIV].
Taking the above points one-by-one and viewing them in context with the plan of salvation, which must be done as Atonement is one of the stepping-stones showing the way to completion of God's great plan, we can see how important is afflicting the soul on this Day and why not doing so means rejecting God's plan of salvation.
1) Afflicting the soul: When viewed from the perspective that afflicting the soul is for the purpose of symbolizing service to others, just as foot-washing at Passover symbolizes service to others for those who participate in the early wheat harvest (first resurrection) and that the penalty for non-participation for both is identical (being barred from the Kingdom), it becomes clear that service to others is God's way of life and refusing to do either means rejecting God's way. These people in the second resurrection will need great help in breaking loose from their evil ways and God has stated in Isa 58 that afflicting the soul by fasting for others will be very effective – He will respect this type of service, but we also need to show Him now that we agree with His ways by participating in this affliction.
2) Helping others overcome: The Day of Atonement is for the purpose of symbolizing reconciliation to God for those who rise in the second resurrection. These people will rise only knowing their past evil ways and the absence of Satanic influences notwithstanding, fighting wrong ways that have been built up over a life-time will require great help and that help can come most effectively from those who have already gone through the experience – those from the first resurrection. Also, as the mind is actually the main problem with these people, God is the one in the best position to help and He will be responsible for breaking their bonds of evil behaviour and enlightening their minds as to the way they should go.
3) Particular benefit for kin: In the plan of salvation, those who rise in the second resurrection are considered to be the spiritual offspring resulting from the marriage between Christ and the church. This means that those for whom we are afflicting our souls by fasting are non other than our spiritual children and there can be no closer kinship than parents and their children. Which of us would not fast to help our children be rid of the oppression of wickedness and clothe them in righteousness and feed them with the truth of God?
From the above it may be seen that this aspect of the Day of Atonement must be viewed from a big picture perspective in order to know WHY we are to afflict our souls and while having that knowledge does not automatically change the words "afflict the soul" into "fasting", God has explained In Isa 58 that fasting would be respected for the purpose of this day. Indeed, fasting is commended as the method of afflicting the soul on the Day of Atonement.
For us not to participate in afflicting our souls by fasting on Atonement is like saying to God that we do not want to have any more people in His Kingdom, that we do not want to produce any spiritual children (that we want the marriage between Christ and the Church to be barren and produce no fruit), that we do not want to help those who rise in the second resurrection. This is the purpose for fasting on the Day of Atonement – appealing to God to break the bonds of wickedness in those who rise in the second resurrection. These people will rise having healthy bodies, but their minds will still be full of the same evil that afflicted them throughout their previous lives and they will need God's help to bring about an enormous change of heart, especially in those who actually profited from being self-centred and oppressing people .
There is a second goat with which we must deal on this day – it is described in Lev 16:8 and instructions regarding how this goat is to be dealt with is found in Lev 16:20-22:
“…And Aaron hath given lots over the two goats, one lot for Jehovah, and one lot for a goat of departure [Azazel];…” [YLT]
As a matter of justice the sins of the entire world are to be laid where they belong – on the head of Satan, the instigator of all the world’s evils. The word “Azazel” is not so much a title as it is an instruction signifying to "remove", or "to separate". Accordingly, Young is accurate in his rendering the word "Azazel" as “a goat of departure.” The intention of the instruction is that the goat be banished to a wilderness where there is no chance of it returning to the camp on that Day. This aspect is covered in Lev 16:20-22:
“…20 ‘And when he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the tabernacle of meeting, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat. 21 Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man. 22 The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness.’…” [KJV]
It is taught in some of the Churches of God that removal of the live goat symbolizes the literal banishment of Satan for both the Millennium and the the second resurrection judgment period of 100 years (Great Day of Judgement). However, the Millennium pictures the actual Kingdom of God (a time when all symbolism in the annual Holy Days has been completed) and therefore pictures what comes after all of the second stage in the plan of salvation is completed – it does not picture any part of the journey towards that Kingdom. Therefore, banishment of the live goat on Atonement only concerns the second stage of the plan, not its completion. What is pictured by this symbolism here, is that Satan will not be able to exert any negative influence throughout the second resurrection judgment period of 100 years, as well as spiritual banishment of Satan by living God's way of life.
Banishment of Satan for the Millennium, and therefore the Kingdom of God, is covered in the prophecies of Revelation 20, not the Holy days as detailed in Leviticus – the two banishment events should not be confused with each other.
Atonement as a Sabbath
In addition to all the ceremony attached to the Day of Atonement, it is given special significance as a Sabbath and it is the only Holy Day where God specifies the time when that the Day starts and finishes:
“…It shall be unto you a Sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your Sabbath…” [KJV]
While the two harvest seasons have clear similarities, there are some instances where we encounter clear differences and the fact that Atonement is a Sabbath while Passover is not, constitutes the first of these difference.
Always, a Sabbath means a rest from Satan and normally an occasion when we can draw closer to God than any other day of the week. This time is no different – there is a Sabbath because the world will experience a total rest from the evil influences of Satan and his demons. This situation is unlike Passover where Satan was not literally banished, leaving the Prophets and Saints to strive in an evil world controlled by Satan. However, for those who take part in the second resurrection, their "day of judgement" will be partly typified by the literal absence of Satan and demonic activity. It will be a literal spiritual rest from Satan – no adversary to deceive or cause people to harm others – as well as spiritual banishment of Satan by living God's way of life.
& God’s plan of salvation is depicted by the two wheat harvests in the Middle East. These two harvests represent two different periods in history and two different groups of people. Accordingly, there are two different, but almost identical parts to the overall plan of salvation. The repetition in God's Holy Days, showing the two stages to His plan, are first observed in the Day of Atonement as displayed in the table below.
& The Day of Atonement concerns the reconciliation to God, of all those who will take part in the great day of judgement after the second resurrection at the end of the Millennium. Reconciliation to God involves the following:
· Commitment to changing of one’s way of life to that which is approved by God.
& The sacrificial goat for a sin offering symbolizes the death of Jesus for the sins of the world (2Cor 5:21), thereby securing atonement and reconciliation to God for all those in the second harvest.
& Originally, afflicting the Soul on the Day of Atonement did not mean “fasting.” Over an unknown period of time fasting became the traditional means of expressing this requirement. However, from Isa 58 and taking the whole plan of salvation into consideration, fasting is commended as the method for "afflicting the soul".
& The deeper meaning in the symbolism for afflicting the soul is to participate in a way of life that is acceptable to God – it is the way of service and self sacrifice by helping others to be eased in time of any form of physical or social oppression. It is also being kind to others and sharing our company with them.
& The Banishing the second (live) goat represents the very literal banishment of Satan as well as spiritual banishment by living god's way of life.
& Atonement as a Sabbath has the principal meaning of a spiritual rest for mankind from evil in the world as a result of the literal banishment of Satan for "one prophetic day", 1,000 years (the Millennium) after which he will be loosed for a "short season".
Scripture List for "Review" Section
1John 3:4 "Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law."
2Cor 5:21 "For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him."
John 1:1-3 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.
John 1:14 "And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth."
Phil 2:7 "But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:"
1Tim 2:5-6 "For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time."
Col 1:20 "And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven."
Heb 4:15 "For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin."
1John 2:1 "My little children, these things I write to you, so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous."
The Feast of Tabernacles pictures the spiritual growing season prior to the second harvest of mankind into the family of God. This is the hundred year period when all those in the second resurrection are judged.